How are Websites Coded?
Learn how are websites coded and the steps in the process of doing it.
1. Pick Code Editor
New coders will benefit greatly from code editors. For example, Visual Studio Code will provide syntax suggestions to help you avoid common programming errors. It will also autocomplete HTML closing tags and provide visual markers to your files so you can easily distinguish between various sections of code.
2. Write Your HTML
Focus on this image: we're building a house. The foundation, walls, and roof are the most natural places to begin. Before you start thinking about interior decorating or painting, be sure you have them. We can create this structure for our website using HTML (Hypertext Markup Language).
Create an HTML doc.
All of our coding will take place in separate files that we save to our local computer, with our HTML document being the first. Create a new folder for your website files and open it in your code editor to begin. Create a file named "index.html" and you'll have your first HTML document. Add the HTML document structure to the file, which is presently blank.
Add metadata to your head.
Consider Metadata to be document information for the web browser. It's located in the <head>, which divides our metadata from the <body>, which will hold our content. Add some metadata to our <head> now.
Add content to your body and check your work
You must now add content to your web page after you have the metadata. After then, double-check your work. Return to your File Explorer and right-click your HTML file to do this.
3. Create CSS Stylesheet
We now have the framework for our house. You may have noticed, however, that our HTML is uniform and colorless. To give our "house" some style, we'll use CSS (Cascading Style Sheets).
Create the CSS doc
To store our CSS rules, we'll create a "style.css" file. It doesn't matter what the file's name is, but it must have the ".css" extension.
Add a CSS rule
You may notice that nothing happens on the page after you add the CSS rule to your file. This is because we need to connect our HTML and CSS.
4. Put HTML And CSS Together
We must instruct the browser to apply the CSS for it to influence the HTML. Simply add a <link> element to our <head> to accomplish this.
5. Code A Responsive Website Or A Static Website
The contents of a static website do not respond to changes in browser size and will always remain the same shape. The responsive website adjusts to multiple browsers and screen sizes in real time.
Meta viewport tag
By including the meta tag, all browsers and devices will be told to consider pixel measurements the same way. Mobile devices and browsers will resize your website to the same proportions as a desktop version.
A media query is a CSS rule that tells the CSS to act differently depending on the viewport width. Always place media queries after your regular CSS rules and group them in a logical sequence.
6. Code A Simple Or An Interactive Website
A simple website offers information about something, but the user's options on the site are limited to reading. An interactive website allows you to engage with it to take the next step.